A Comparative Study to Assess the Knowledge and Practice Regarding Antenatal Diet among Anaemic and Non Anaemic Antenatal Mothers in Selected Antenatal Clinics at Vijayapur in a View to Prepare Guideline Sheet
Keywords:Antenatal clinic, Antenatal diet, Knowledge, Practice, Guideline sheet.
Anaemia is a major health problem in the worldwide. Around one third of world population has affected with different form of anemia. Anemia during pregnancy is a public health problem especially in developing countries and is associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy. Aim: Assess the nutritional diet of anemic and non-anemic antenatal mother and determine their knowledge and practice regarding effect of antenatal diet. Materials and methods: The study was conducted with 500 anemic and 500 non anemic antenatal mothers were selected by using purposive sampling techniques. The knowledge is assessed by structured knowledge questionnaires; practice was assessed by rating scale and data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Result: The study result shows that the mean knowledge score among anaemic mother was found to be 9.13 with standard deviation of 1.47 and mean knowledge score among non-anemic mothers was found to be 15.84 with standard deviation 1.77. The mean knowledge score differ significantly with t-value = 65.16 and p-value < 0.0001. The mean practice score among anemic mother was found to be 38.42 with standard deviation of 6.59 and mean practice score among non-anemic mothers was found to be 27.55 with standard deviation 6.59. The mean practice score differ significantly with t-value = 26.05 and p-value < 0.0001. Conclusion: The research concludes that there is a difference between knowledge and practice among anemic and non-anemic mothers so need to provide awareness programme for antenatal mothers.
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